- Dic 19, 2020
(Ref "37"), On the announcement of the partition plan in March 1947, and the resignation of Khizer Hyat ministry, master Tara Singh, the Sikh leader, openly called for violent resistance. He paid little heed to the principle underlying the partition of India ‘when he accepted the accession to Indian dominion of Kapurthala which had Sikh rulers but 64 per cent of the population was Muslim’'. (Ref "46"), The problem was not merely one of absorbing on setting these refugees on the lands left by Hindus or Sikhs but also that of feeding, clothing and rendering medical aid to them as they arrived in most pitiable conditions. The only answer was for Muslims to move into Pakistan and non-Muslims to move into India. Karachi 2001, p. 84. had acceded to Pakistan voluntarily and freely. Liaquat to the British Prime Minister, Telegram No. The Hindus feeling that Pakistan need not have emerged at all is important politically, because it shaped the Indian attitude and influenced Indian behavior, towards Pakistan, not only in the early critical days…..but in the later years. The Water problem was one that the new country had to address urgently. 536, p. 938 – 39. In 1947, Pakistan finally gained its long for independence, but it immediately faced very serious problems. Instead of awarding the whole Sylhet District and the contiguous Muslim majority areas Assam, only Sylhet District was transferred to Pakistan. Those who survived were harassed by guerilla groups, went without food and sleep, and encountered unprecedented floods along the escape routes. A number of packing cases were found to be full of bricks,stones and wrecked equipment. (Ref "21"), “It is a mistake to compare the basic principle of the demand of Pakistan and the demand of cutting up provinces throughout India into fragmentation. These restless, belligerent, and fiercely individualistic tribes had never been pacified even by the British administrators. (Ref "24"), He, therefore, contented himself with “moth-eaten” and “truncated” Pakistan and relying upon the fair-mindedness of the British people gave an assurance that his country would accept and abide by the decision of the Boundary Commission. Ch. Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, Freedom at Midnight, P. 179. Pakistan The Land Of Brave People WAAR MOVIE “WAAR” is an action movie produced in pakistan which was released in 2013. Karachi received nearly tow million refugees in 1947alone. Pakistan’s economy was highly unstable and did not seem lucrative enough to invest. It must take its rights place in securing Pakistan’s defence”(Ref "112"), He reminded the officers and men to Pakistan Army that although the battle of Pakistan’s freedom had been won, a harder battle to preserve that freedon was still in progress and that the battle had to be fought to a successful conclusion if Pakistan were to survive as a great nation. The same position existed about the cotton crop in West Pakistan. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve”(Ref "113"), Pakistan was faced with another major problem i.e., the absence of an organized administrative machinery. Though shocked by the Award, the Quaid strictly maintained his noted constitutional stance. After January, 1948, there was a wheat shortage in West Pakistan due to the refugees influx. The Partition of the Punjab, op. Richard Symonds, Making of Pakistan, Karachi 1966, p. 83. N. Mansergh, op. Out of 165,000 tons of ordnance stores due to her, only 4,703 tons she had received. The 1970 General Elections and its Aftermath, Political Mobilization and Events Leading to Independence of Bangladesh, Problems of National Integration between East and West Pakistan. The total installed capacity in the country at the time of partition was only 75,028 k.w., but lack of repairs and of competent staff greatly reduced the actual capacity. The Prime Minister of Junagadh also submitted that Pakistan should not allow the Indian Union to take the law in its own hands. It was believed that he was trying to win independence for his state and so he delayed joining eithe4r Pakistan or India. (Ref "102"), Important arms and ammunition were not received by Pakistan. Geographically she had been placed in an extremely delicate situation, with her two parts i.e., East and West Pakistan separated from each other by a ‘hostile distance’ of over a thousand miles. Shipping was scarce. (Ref "83"), Winston Churchill, the Leader of the Opposition, told the House of Commons that Hyderabad was entitled to UN membership: that, out of 54 members of the UN, 39 have smaller population, 20 smaller territory and 15 smaller revenue. Hodson, the Great Divide, London, 1985, P. 346. (Ref "135"), The hostile Hindu propaganda had also concentrated itself on the same theme. Their numbers were inadequate: most of them had insufficient practical experience of the tasks which awaited them. This left the farmers and in fact the economy of the East wing at the mercy of Indian mill owners for a reasonable price of their product. Just think how short of officers we were at the start. The paper was withdrawn and it was made sure that such incidents did not recur again. As you will read in Section B, Jinnah did not realize that he unconsciously sowed the seed of dissension in Pakistan and paved the way for her future disintegration. Roxford Books, 1991, pp. Attempts were, therefore, made to deprive her of coal and canal waters; a debt of Rs 550, 000,000, owing to her was dishonored. (Ref "54"), The task of receiving, housing, feeding, clothing, settling and rehabilitating these millions presented a huge administrative challenge. All they did was to send 7,000 tons of food grains to feed the starving population of Junagadh and Manavadar despite the occupation of the latter by Indian forces. The partition of the subcontinent cut across many rivers and canals. A ceasefire was arranged and Kashmir was divided between India and Pakistan. 4. Education must be a cheapest and most preceding item of a nation, and it’s a best weapon of a country. Kashmir was an integral part of the Muslim concept of Pakistan. She possessed neither the proper equipment nor the trained personnel. (Ref "138"), Though cotton was the largest cash crop in West Pakistan, there were only a few cotton – mills – quite inadequate to handle it. 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